Project management and leadership skills for engineering and construction Chain Project Management to Army Engineer Construction Projects" (). Most civil engineering construction projects are completed to time and budget but few get As a result the successful management of a civil engineering project. ENGINEERING PROJECT. MANAGEMENT. Second Edition. Edited by. Nigel J. Smith. Professor of Construction Project Management. University of Leeds.
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Article (PDF Available) in International Journal of Civil Engineering and Project management software model is built utilization software tools. Construction project management is a relatively young field. However general introduction to construction projects in terms of their types, project life cycle and. Construction Project Management. Handbook. MARCH FTA Report No. Federal Transit Administration. PREPARED BY. Kam Shadan, P.E.. Gannett.
Many other fields of production engineering, design engineering, and heavy industrial have project managers. A project manager needs to understand the order of execution of a project to schedule the project correctly as well as the time necessary to accomplish each individual task within the project. A project manager is the person accountable for accomplishing the stated project objectives.
A project manager is required to know the project in and out while supervising the workers along with the project. Typically in most construction, engineering, architecture and industrial projects, a project manager has another manager working alongside of them who is typically responsible for the execution of task on a daily basis. This position in some cases is known as a superintendent. A superintendent and project manager work hand in hand in completing daily project task.
Key project management responsibilities include creating clear and attainable project objectives, building the project requirements, and managing the triple constraint now including more constraints and calling it competing constraints for projects, which is cost, time, and scope for the first three but about three additional ones in current project management.
A typical project is composed of a team of workers who work under the project manager to complete the assignment. A project manager normally reports directly to someone of higher stature on the completion and success of the project. A project manager is often a client representative and has to determine and implement the exact needs of the client, based on knowledge of the firm they are representing.
The ability to adapt to the various internal procedures of the contracting party, and to form close links with the nominated representatives, is essential in ensuring that the key issues of cost, time, quality and above all, client satisfaction, can be realized.
Project management success criteria[ edit ] There is a tendency to confuse the project success with project management success. They are two different things. Project management success criteria is different from project success criteria. The project management is said to be successful if the given project is completed within the agreed upon time, met the agreed upon scope and within the agreed upon budget.
Design development DD : This step requires research and investigation into what materials and equipment will be used as well as their cost. During this phase, the drawings are refined with information from structural, plumbing, mechanical, and electrical engineers.
It also involves a more rigorous evaluation how the applicable building codes will impact the project.
Contract documents CDs : Contract documents are the final drawings and specifications of the construction project. They are used by contractors to determine their bid while builders use them for the construction process. Contract documents can also be called working drawings.
A notice to proceed is when the owner gives permission to the contractor to begin their work on the project. The first step is to assign the project team which includes the project manager PM , contract administrator, superintendent , and field engineer. Contract administrator: The contract administrator assists the project manager as well as the superintendent with the details of the construction contract.
Superintendent: It is the superintendent's job to make sure everything is on schedule including flow of materials, deliveries, and equipment. They are also in charge of coordinating on-site construction activities. During the pre-construction stage, a site investigation must take place.
A site investigation takes place to discover if any steps need to be implemented on the job site. This is in order to get the site ready before the actual construction begins. This also includes any unforeseen conditions such as historical artifacts or environment problems. A soil test must be done to determine if the soil is in good condition to be built upon.
This can be done by the general contractor if the company does all their own construction work.
If the contractor does not do their own work, they obtain it through subcontractors. Subcontractors are contractors who specialize in one particular aspect of the construction work such as concrete, welding, glass, or carpentry.
Subcontractors are hired the same way a general contractor would be, which is through the bidding process. download orders are also part of the procurement stage. In this case, a download order is an agreement between a downloader and seller that the products downloadd meet the required specifications for the agreed price.
The pre-construction meeting is meant to make decisions dealing with work hours, material storage, quality control, and site access. The next step is to move everything onto the construction site and set it all up. Progress payments are partial payments for work completed during a portion, usually a month, during a construction period. Progress payments are made to general contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers as construction projects progress.
Payments are typically made on a monthly basis but could be modified to meet certain milestones. Progress payments are an important part of contract administration for the contractor. Proper preparation of the information necessary for payment processing can help the contractor financially complete the project. This is to ensure that all materials, equipment, and quality meet the expectations of the owner that are included within the contract.
This may cause disruption for surrounding businesses or homes. A popular method of dust control is to have a water truck driving through the site spraying water on the dry dirt to minimize the movement of dust within and out of the construction site. When water is introduced mud is created. This mud sticks to the tires of the construction vehicles and is often lead out to the surrounding roads. A street sweeper may clean the roads to reduce dirty road conditions. Environmental protections[ edit ] Storm water pollution : As a result of construction, the soil is displaced from its original location which can possibly cause environmental problems in the future.
Examples include office buildings, "big box" stores, shopping centers and malls, warehouses, banks, theaters, casinos, resorts, golf courses, and larger residential structures such as high-rise hotels and condominiums. Institutional: This category is for the needs of government and other public organizations. Examples include schools, fire and police stations, libraries, museums, dormitories, research buildings, hospitals, transportation terminals, some military facilities, and governmental buildings.
Industrial: Buildings and other constructed items used for storage and product production, including chemical and power plants, steel mills, oil refineries and platforms, manufacturing plants, pipelines, and seaports.
Heavy civil: The construction of transportation infrastructure such as roads, bridges, railroads, tunnels, airports, and fortified military facilities. Environmental: Environmental construction was part of heavy civil, but is now separate, dealing with projects that improve the environment. Some examples are water and wastewater treatment plants, sanitary and storm sewers, solid waste management, and air pollution control. A bid tells the owner how much money they should expect to pay the construction management company in order for them to complete the project.
Any and all contractors are allowed to submit their bid due to public advertising.
Closed bid: A closed bid is used for private projects. A selection of contractors are sent an invitation for bid so only they can submit a bid for the specified project. Multiple construction management companies submit a bid to the owner that is the lowest amount they are willing to do the job for.
Then the owner usually chooses the company with the lowest bid to complete the job for them. This means that the owner chooses the contractor with the best price and the best qualifications.
The owner decides by using a request for proposal RFP , which provides the owner with the contractor's exact form of scheduling and budgeting that the contractor expects to use for the project. The owner then uses a request for qualifications RFQ , which provides the owner with the contractor's experience, management plans, project organization, and budget and schedule performance.
The owner may also ask for safety records and individual credentials of their members. Payment contracts[ edit ] Lump sum: This is the most common type of contract. The construction manager and the owner agree on the overall cost of the construction project and the owner is responsible for paying that amount whether the construction project exceeds or falls below the agreed price of payment. This contract is beneficial to the contractor since any additional costs will be paid for, even though they were unexpected for the owner.
The owner provides materials with a specific unit price to limit spending. Feasibility and design[ edit ] Feasibility and design involves four steps: programming and feasibility, schematic design, design development, and contract documents.
It is the responsibility of the design team to ensure that the design meets all building codes and regulations. It is during the design stage that the bidding process takes place. Decisions must be made on the building size, number of rooms, how the space will be used, and who will be using the space. This must all be considered to begin the actual designing of the building.
This phase is normally a written list of each room or space, the critical information about those spaces, and the approximate square footage of each area.
Schematic design: Schematic designs are sketches used to identify spaces, shapes, and patterns. Materials, sizes, colors, and textures must be considered in the sketches. Design development DD : This step requires research and investigation into what materials and equipment will be used as well as their cost.
During this phase, the drawings are refined with information from structural, plumbing, mechanical, and electrical engineers. It also involves a more rigorous evaluation how the applicable building codes will impact the project. Contract documents CDs : Contract documents are the final drawings and specifications of the construction project.
They are used by contractors to determine their bid while builders use them for the construction process. Contract documents can also be called working drawings. A notice to proceed is when the owner gives permission to the contractor to begin their work on the project.