Automotive family tree pdf

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To download the 'Automotive Family Tree' (such as the background image below) in a large PDF (MB, 36”x48” paper size), please click the download Now button. "Being able to call such an elegant vehicle one's own endorses the owner's good taste and refinement, [rather in the way that, for the upper-class. Englishman. A FAMILY TREE OF AUTOMOTIVE MAKERS .alliancecom/wp-content/ themes/renault-nissan-alliance/assets/pdf/

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Automotive Family Tree Pdf

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General Motors Company , [1] commonly referred to as General Motors GM , is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services, with global headquarters in Detroit's Renaissance Center. It was originally founded by William C. Durant on September 16, as a holding company. The company is the largest American automobile manufacturer, and one of the world's largest. It also owns or holds controlling interest in foreign brands such as Holden , Wuling , Baojun , and Jiefang. General Motors employs , people and does business in more than countries.

Weak product line-up and below par service quality were the reasons for the poor showing by GM in India. According to the South Korean unit of General Motors, its domestic sales for March dropped by 58 percent, which is more than half compared to the past year. In February , General Motors had said to shut down one factory and then decide what lies ahead for the remaining three plants in South Korea during rising losses there.

GM has a long history in Egypt which began in the s with the assembly of cars and light pickup trucks for the local market.

In the mid of the s, GM withdrew from the Egyptian market. Some years later, the Ghabbour Brothers began to assemble Cadillac , Chevrolet and Buick models up to the s. In the s Miller Brothers Nigeria was founded as an importer of commercial vehicles of the Bedford brand into the country. In the plant and its distribution network was split into different companies and renamed as Federated Motors Industries. Its facility located in Nairobi assembled a wide range of Isuzu trucks and buses including the popular Isuzu N-Series versatile light commercial vehicle, TF Series pick-ups and Isuzu bus chassis.

Selling entire GM's By it was targeting the production of 50, cars a year but was being hampered by national labour unrest, strikes and protests. In sales of fully imported Holden vehicles began. New Zealand assembly of Holdens began in and through the early s, Holdens replaced all Chevrolets and most Vauxhalls. Tariffs on Australian-made cars were eventually removed and local assembly plants closed by GM New Zealand was renamed Holden in In Australia , GM has been represented by the Holden brand since Chevrolets and Pontiacs were also manufactured in Australia until On December 10, , [] GM announced that Holden would cease manufacturing operations in Australia by the end of GM has also done much work in the development of electronics for GM auto racing.

An unmodified Aurora V-8 in the Aerotech, captured 47 world records, including the record for speed endurance in the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America. Recently, the Cadillac V-Series has entered motorsports racing. Chevrolet leads individual makes with wins. In and , the drivers' championship was won by the very closely linked now defunct HSV Dealer Team. Its character was entirely empirical; it was whatever key people in each company had been competent enough to organize and pursue.

Charles F. Its work was well known to GM central management through its relationship as a supplier and consultancy to Cadillac and Buick. United Motors acquired Delco, and Kettering began his association with Sloan. United Motors also acquired at this time the original Remy corporation [] called the Remy Electric Company , a competitor of Delco. In General Motors bought United Motors. Today's main successor corporation is Delphi Automotive , which nowadays is an independent parent corporation.

During the next few decades it led the development of:. World War II was a turning point wherein military affairs, after mingling with the technologies of applied science for some 80 years, first started to become fundamentally reinvented by them.

Civilian life, too, changed in this direction. Alfred Sloan , longtime CEO of GM s to s , discussed in his memoir also considered a seminal management treatise the relationships between government, academia, and private industry in the areas of basic science and applied science, in light of this new era.

On September 7, , at the Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress in Detroit GM disclosed it would be introducing auto-pilot features into certain models of its cars, which would go on sale in The "super cruise" or vehicle-to-vehicle V2V technology is likely to be first introduced to the Cadillac range, enabling drivers to switch in and out of semi-automated mode. Rick Snyder signed a package of bills legalizing the operation of autonomous vehicles. In March , General Motors bought Cruise Automation, a San Francisco self-driving vehicle start-up, to develop self-driving cars that could be used in ride-sharing fleets.

Strobe's prototypes produce brief "chirps" of frequency-modulated FM laser light, where the frequency within each chirp varies linearly. Measuring the phase and frequency of the echoing chirp allows the system to directly measure both the distance and the velocity of objects in the road ahead.

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Strobe, Cruise and GM will work together to develop the technology for future self-driving cars. The automaker is already operating self-driving Chevy Bolts in San Francisco as part of a beta test run by the company's subsidiary. From the s onward, General Motors always maintained an internal dialog about what its economy-car and small-car policies should be. Economy in some form always had good demand anywhere, but its definition in the U.

In this view, "economy" in the U. The policy discussion often focused on topics like the higher demand for truly small cars in non-U. Although GM since the s has always offered economy models in the U. GM's response has been that it has always responded to market demands, and that most Americans, despite anything they said to the contrary, did not actually demand at downloading-decision time small size or fuel efficiency in their vehicles to any great or lasting extent. Although some U.

Since the return of high fuel prices in the s and s, GM's interest in truly small-car programs for the U. This will be the first time that GM produced a sub compact car in the United States since the Chevrolet Chevette ended production in This retooled plant will be capable of building , cars annually, including both small and compact vehicles.

Production started in late with the Chevrolet Sonic. General Motors has published principles regarding the environment and maintains an extensive website to inform the public. In , General Motors committed to engineering half of its manufacturing plants to be landfill-free. In order to achieve its landfill-free status, production waste is recycled or reused in the manufacturing process.

The world's largest rooftop solar power installation was installed at General Motors Spanish Zaragoza Manufacturing Plant in fall The installation was created, owned and operated by Veolia Environment and Clairvoyant Energy, who lease the rooftop area from General Motors. GM has long worked on alternative-technology vehicles , and has led the industry with ethanol-burning flexible-fuel vehicles that can run on either E85 ethanol or gasoline. The company was the first to use turbochargers and was an early proponent of V6 engines in the s, but quickly lost interest as muscle car popularity increased.

They demonstrated [] gas turbine vehicles powered by kerosene , an area of interest throughout the industry, but abandoned the alternative engine configuration in view of the oil crisis. In the s and s, GM pushed the benefits of diesel engines and cylinder deactivation technologies with disastrous results due to poor durability in the Oldsmobile diesels and drivability issues in the Cadillac V variable-cylinder engines.

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In , GM, in conjunction with AeroVironment , built the Sunraycer , which won the inaugural World Solar Challenge and was a showcase of advanced technology. Much of the technology from Sunraycer found its way into the Impact prototype electric vehicle also built by Aerovironment and was the predecessor to the General Motors EV1. The company has publicly announced that it is committed to invest heavily in electric cars.

In October , GM's executive vice president of global development, Mark Reuss , announced that GM's vehicle lineup would feature 20 electric car models by These mild hybrids did not use electrical energy for propulsion, like GM's later designs.

In , the Opel Astra diesel Hybrid concept vehicle was introduced. GM has hinted at new hybrid technologies to be employed that will be optimized for higher speeds in freeway driving.

Within the framework of its vehicle electrification strategy, [] GM introduced the Chevrolet Volt in as an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle EREV , an electric vehicle with back-up generators powered by gasoline, or series plug-in hybrid. The production Chevrolet Volt was available in late as a model with limited availability. General Motors was the first company in the modern era to release an all-electric automobile.

It was the first car with zero-emissions marketed in the US in over three decades. The Impact was eventually produced as the EV1 for the model year. It was available through dealers located in only a few regions e. Vehicles were leased, rather than sold, to individuals.

In GM decided to cease production of the vehicles. When the individual leases had expired, they declined to renew the leases or allow the lessors to download them.

All of the EV1s were eventually returned to General Motors and, with the exception of a few which were donated to museums, all were destroyed. The documentary film Who Killed the Electric Car? The EV1's cancellation had disappointed supporters of electric vehicles. In , GM debuted the Chevrolet Volt , a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle with back-up generators powered by gasoline range-extended electric vehicle.

In October , General Motors announced the production of the Chevrolet Spark EV , an all-electric version of the third generation Chevrolet Spark , with availability limited to select U.

Deliveries in California are scheduled to begin in late GM builds battery packs in southern Michigan. An existing GM facility at Brownstown Township was chosen to be upgraded as battery pack plant. The GM Electrovan is credited with being the first hydrogen fuel cell car ever produced.

General Motors

He said "I sure would be disappointed if we weren't there" before On July 2, , GM and Honda announced a partnership to develop fuel cell systems and hydrogen storage technologies for the time frame. GM and Honda are leaders in fuel cell technology, ranking No. GM produces several flexible-fuel vehicles that can operate on E85 ethanol fuel or gasoline, or any blend of both.

Since GM started featuring a bright yellow gas cap to remind drivers of the E85 capabilities. GM is the leader in E85 flex fuel vehicles, with over 6 million FlexFuel vehicles on the road in the U. In , GM pledged to have more than half of their annual vehicle production be E85 or biodiesel capable by GM Defense is the GM division leveraging GM's advanced technology propulsion systems, including Hydrotec Fuel Cell and Jouletec batteries for a variety of military applications including autonomous electric platforms and flex fuel cell pickups converted for military use.

Cure , a collaboration between General Motors and the Fashion industry bringing awareness to and raising funds for breast cancer. The program involved 5 designers, each lending their artistic talents to customize 5 different vehicles. It is a c 3 foundation incorporated in As it emerged from bankruptcy and company reorganization in , GM structured its brand portfolio brand architecture. Others, like Saab , were sold. The — Flint sit-down strike against General Motors changed the United Automobile Workers UAW from a collection of isolated locals on the fringes of the industry into a major labor union and led to the unionization of the domestic United States automobile industry.

After the first convention of UAW in , the union decided that it could not survive by piecemeal organizing campaigns at smaller plants, as it had in the past, but that it could organize the automobile industry only by going after its biggest and most powerful employer, General Motors Corporation , focusing on GM's production complex in Flint, Michigan.

Organizing in Flint was a difficult and dangerous plan. GM controlled city politics in Flint and kept a close eye on outsiders. According to Wyndham Mortimer , the UAW officer put in charge of the organizing campaign in Flint, he received a death threat by an anonymous caller when he visited Flint in GM also maintained an extensive network of spies throughout its plants.

This forced UAW members to keep the names of new members in secret and meeting workers at their homes. As the UAW studied its target, it discovered that GM had only two factories that produced the dies from which car body components were stamped: While the UAW called for a sit-down strike in Flint, the police, armed with guns and tear gas, attempted to enter the Fisher Body 2 plant on January 11, The strikers inside the plant pelted them with hinges, bottles, and bolts.

The president urged GM to distinguish a union so the plants could re-open. The strike ended after 44 days. That development forced GM to bargain with the union.

John L. GM's representatives refused to be in the same room as the UAW's, so Governor Frank Murphy acted as courier and intermediary between the two groups. Governor Murphy sent in the U. National Guard , not to evict the strikers, but rather to protect them from the police and corporate strike-breakers.

The two parties finally reached agreement on February 11, on a one-page agreement that recognized the UAW as the exclusive bargaining representative for GM's employees who were members of the union for the next six months. The tool and die strike of , also known as the "strategy strike", was an ultimately successful attempt by the United Auto Workers Union UAW to be recognized as the sole representative for General Motors workers. In addition to representation rights, the UAW, working jointly with the Congress of Industrial Organizations CIO , sought to resolve existing grievances of skilled workers.

However, the strike ended to the dissatisfaction of Walter Reuther and the UAW, and the workers received only a On September 24, , General Motors workers represented by the United Auto Workers union went on strike against the company. Talks broke down after more than 20 straight days of bargaining failed to produce a new contract.

Major issues that proved to be stumbling blocks for an agreement included wages, benefits, job security and investments in US facilities. Within hours, the ripple effect was felt in Canada with closures of two car assembly plants in Oshawa, Ontario , and a transmission facility in Windsor on September However, on September 26, a tentative agreement was reached, and the strike's end was announced by UAW officials in a news conference at 4 a.

Between and , General Motors GM monopolized the sale of buses and supplies to National City Lines NCL and its subsidiaries, as part of a deliberate plot to download and dismantle streetcar systems in many cities in the United States as an attempt to monopolize surface transportation.

Unsafe at Any Speed by Ralph Nader , published in , is a pioneering book accusing car manufacturers of being slow to introduce safety features, and reluctant to spend money on improving safety.

The subject for which the book is probably most widely known, the rear-engined GM Chevrolet Corvair , is covered in the first chapter. It relates to the first — models that had a swing-axle suspension design which was prone to "tuck under" in certain circumstances. In substitution for the cost-cutting lack of a front stabilizer bar anti-roll bar , Corvairs required tire pressures which were outside of the tire manufacturer's recommended tolerances.

The Corvair relied on an unusually high front to rear pressure differential 15psi front, 26psi rear, when cold; 18 psi and 30psi hot , and if one inflated the tires equally, as was standard practice for all other cars at the time, the result was a dangerous oversteer.

In early March , several media outlets, including The New Republic and The New York Times , alleged that GM had tried to discredit Ralph Nader , hiring private detectives to tap his phones and investigate his past, and hiring prostitutes to trap him in compromising situations. Nader's lawsuit against GM was ultimately decided by the New York Court of Appeals , whose opinion in the case expanded tort law to cover "overzealous surveillance".

NHTSA had conducted a series of comparative tests in studying the handling of the Corvair and four contemporary cars—a Ford Falcon , Plymouth Valiant , Volkswagen Beetle , and Renault Dauphine —along with a second-generation Corvair with its completely redesigned, independent rear suspension.

The page report reviewed NHTSA's extreme-condition handling tests, national crash-involvement data for the cars in the test as well as General Motors' internal documentation regarding the Corvair's handling. This review panel concluded that "the —63 Corvair compares favorably with contemporary vehicles used in the tests [ Journalist David E.

Davis , in a article in Automobile Magazine , noted that despite Nader's claim that swing-axle rear suspension were dangerous, Porsche , Mercedes-Benz , and Volkswagen all used similar swing-axle concepts during that era.

General Motors paid compensation for deaths linked to the faulty switches.

Eventually the recall involved about 2. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American automotive manufacturing company. Detroit, Michigan. Operating income. Net income. This section needs expansion with: Missing about 90 years. You can help by adding to it. January Main article: History of General Motors.

General Motors Chapter 11 reorganization. Further information: General Motors Europe. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Who Killed the Electric Car?

General Motors Foundation. Flint sit-down strike. Tool and die strike of General Motors streetcar conspiracy. General Motors ignition switch recalls. General Information Name Search. State of Delaware.

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Retrieved April 21, Popular Mechanics. July 16, Retrieved March 22, CBS News. March 23, Vow to Slim Includes Top Ranks". The New York Times. Retrieved September 9, Retrieved July 10, About News. Retrieved July 20, USA Today. December 10, Retrieved January 18, Archived from the original on November 4, Bloomberg L. January 28, Retrieved January 28, The Seattle Times.

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June 15, Retrieved November 1, The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 7, April 18, James B. March 31, Retrieved January 5, With a nearly ten per cent increase in deliveries to customers, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles VWCV started successfully into the fiscal year The changeover to WLTP continues to have an impact.

In the first quarter of , Porsche AG delivered 55, vehicles worldwide; this corresponds to a decrease of twelve percent compared with the same period in the previous year The Volkswagen brand delivered , vehicles worldwide in March, 7. Volkswagen is driving e-mobility forward with a consistency and commitment unlike that of virtually any other automaker.

The Chinese automotive market plays a special role at the Volkswagen Group. The Group operates production plants in 20 European countries and a further 11 countries in the Americas, Asia and Africa. What Volkswagen is doing to promote eco-compatible mobility — and become an environmental role model. What do we want? We want to help shape the future of mobility — in a responsible and environmentally-friendly way that profits everyone.

The Volkswagen whistleblower system has been restructured. The system brings transparency for employees as well as business partners or customers to provide information on unlawful behavior, and has been set up to deal with reports of serious regulatory violations. Please click here if you are interested in further information on the whistleblower system or wish to make a report. The Volkswagen Group wants to be the pioneer and driver of innovation for the mobility of the future.

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