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In J. Fridl (Eds.) et al., Geografski atlas Slovenije: država v prostoru in casu, Ljubljana: mtn-i.info Accessed August 12, Rural Development Programme of. In Geografski Atlas Slovenije, Fridl J, Kladnik D, Orozˇen Adamicˇ M, Perko D ( eds). DZS, Ljubljana URL:mtn-i.info[11July ]. PDF | On Jun 26, , Gojko Nikolic and others published The Development of Milović, J. Istorijsko-geografski atlas Crne Gore (XVI-XX vijek), (Historical and.
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Razprave 4. Zbornik gozdarstva in lesarstva Aeschimann, D.
Haupt Verlag, Bern, Stuttgart, Wien, pp. Aichinger, E. Gustav Fischer, Jena, pp. Braun-Blanquet, J. Geobotanica selecta, Band 1. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. Cegnar T. In: Fridl, J. Dakskobler, I.
Wulfenia Hladnikia Relative to the amount of agricultural land, Slovenia is within the European average with 0. The majority of Slovenia consists of rural landscapes with increasing tourism significance because its well-maintained cultural landscapes attract visitors, especially in the mountain and the hilly winegrowing regions. The cultural-emotional significance depends largely on traditional farm landscapes with finely scattered parcels.
Certain formations occupy an important place in the consciousness of Slovenes and are important for their identity since they provide a feeling of belonging and home and show the way to historical roots.
Today, only six percent of the population is involved in farming, and the non-farming population owns a large proportion of the land. The abandoning of farm production, overgrowing, the restructuring of agriculture due to economic and social changes, and urbanization with its housing construction and building of infrastructure objects represent the greatest threats.
This is the greatest threat to the Slovene landscape and has already reclaimed more than one tenth of agricultural land and soil.
It is occurring in all hill regions as well as on the plains due to the development of cattle raising. The amount of meadowland has increased constantly in the last hundred years.
The population core has shifted in the last hundred years from the hilly Pannonian and Mediterranean worlds to the valleys and plains. On one hand is the abandoning of former homes due to migration, and on the other is the introduction of new architectural elements that no longer have any local or regional character but are uniform across Slovenia.
Free market policies will further accelerate the differentiation of the countryside, which is already acquiring clear outlines. In naturally more advantageous regions, intensive farming with large-scale cultivation is developing, which requires large consolidated surface areas without disturbing elements e.
Small land division with its cultural riches is disappearing due to monocultural farming. The architectural heritage is disappearing because houses in the countryside and in the city are acquiring a uniform appearance.
The production buildings on these farms are moving onto open spaces. A new and uniform type of landscapes without regional or local features is developing. At the same time, the valleys and basins are centres of civilization where numerous activities intertwine and various users of the space compete with each other. First class agricultural land is disappearing due to expressways and the territorial growth of cities.
Rural settlements are acquiring the status of suburbs, and the countryside as a whole is acquiring a different role since it is becoming a place of residence and recreation for the non-farming population. The boundaries between cities and the countryside are already quite indistinct in Slovenia. At the same time, the cultural landscape in the greater part of Slovenia is disintegrating, primarily in the low-hill and hill regions.
A largely aging population remains on the farms, who are emotionally bound to the land and for the moment still maintain the appearance and function of the landscape with their work. However, further abandonment of agricultural areas is to be expected in future since there are no young people except in areas closer to cities, and these no longer cultivate the land because their education allows them to work in better-paid non-farming jobs.
The complete liberalization of the agricultural market would cause a considerable decrease in the number of farms and the gradual emptying of low-hill and remote regions and thus the loss of the identity of the countryside.
Relative to the natural and historical heritage, the only acceptable model is the sustainability approach that envisages a development toward the restoration of the landscape with respect to biotic diversity, ecological balance, and the cultural heritage. This concept advocates the preservation of a sufficient number of farms and economic and technological development that would simultaneously respect market laws and the fundamental cultural elements of the landscape.
The kozolec or hayrack is an achievement of folk architecture. Characteristically Slovene, they are used for drying crops and are found most frequently in alpine regions.
Oskar Dolenc. Figure 2. The klopotec or wind rattle is a wooden device to drive birds from the vineyards of the Pannonian low hills in Eastern Slovenia before and during the vintage time. Figure 3. Ostrnice are thinner tree trunks with branches pushed into the ground on which hay is still dried in some Dinaric regions in Southern Slovenia.
Matej Gabrovec. Figure 4. Piran, an old Mediterranean town, situated at the cape of the Piran peninsula, is actually an open air museum with the medieval architecture and rich culture heritage. Marjan Garbajs.