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Bernardo Alberto Houssay (April 10, – September 21, ) was an Argentine . Fisiologia Humana. Buenos Aires, Official site of his life and works (In Castilian); Bernardo Alberto Houssay. WhoNamedIt. Bernardo Alberto Houssay. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Fisiología humana / de Bernardo A. Houssay [et al.] Bernardo Alberto Houssay Request Full-text Paper PDF. Bernardo Alberto Houssay was born to Dr Albert and Clara Houssay, both of whom had From an early age, young Houssay exhibited a formidable aptitude for.

The pituitary gland influences a myriad of physiologic functions with extraordinary elegance. Shortly after the discovery of insulin, Argentinian science prodigy Bernardo Houssay elucidated the important role of the anterior pituitary, also called the adenohypophysis, in carbohydrate metabolism. This discovery helped to unravel the intricacies of glucose homeostasis and the fascinating feedback servo mechanisms that undergird the entire endocrine system. His father worked as a barrister and his mother was a housewife. From an early age, young Houssay exhibited a formidable aptitude for academics. His intellectual abilities allowed him to accelerate his education, attaining his baccalaureate degree with honours via a scholarship from a well-respected private institution at the tender age of Less than a year later, in , he matriculated at the University of Buenos Aires to pursue an advanced degree in pharmacology. By , he had graduated as valedictorian from this programme and had decided to advance his education to become a physician. While completing clinical work in , Houssay participated in the care of a patient who was suffering from symptoms of acromegaly. By this time, he was already an avid reader of the work of French physiologist Claude Bernard. Inspired to look into the physiologic activity of pituitary extracts, the young medical student taught himself the necessary skills to harvest the tissue, analyse it and isolate the physiologically active components. For a while, Houssay practised medicine in the private setting and was appointed chief of a municipal hospital service. He also undertook the role of chief of experimental pathology at the National Public Health Laboratories in Buenos Aires, pursuing research into snake and insect venoms. This work led to the development of an effective spider antivenom. Before long, in , Houssay assumed the role of chief physician at Alvear Hospital.

For his discovery of the part played by the hormone of the anterior pituitary lobe in the metabolism of sugar, Houssay earned the Nobel Prize in Medicine, sharing it with Carl and Gerty Cori for their work on glycogen metabolism.

In addition to a robust career of groundbreaking physiology research, which also included studies on the pancreatic secretion of insulin and the hormonal control of fat metabolism, Houssay left a palpable legacy in the education of physicians and physiologists.

As the Chair of Physiology, he dedicated a significant amount of time to educating medical students, residents and future physiologists. In his mind, the real importance of his experimental studies was in the teaching of methods and the fostering of a love of science. Many of his former pupils went on to become prominent Latin American academicians in their own right.

Following the revolution, a military dictatorship assumed power in Argentina. Never one to muzzle his own awareness of what was right, Houssay publicly expressed his dissent with the lack of democracy in his country.

As a result, the government stripped him of his university position as well as that of approximately other prominent Argentinian intellects.

Although Houssay received numerous offers from prestigious overseas academic institutions, he remained steadfast in his loyalty to Argentina. In a letter to a friend and colleague at Harvard University translated from Spanish , he wrote: I have received large numbers of invitations to work in foreign countries.

However, my plan my whole life has been to work hard in scientific research to create a circle of scientists of the highest moral and scientific quality in our country. I have no intention of changing this line of conduct.

In addition to resuming his duties at the University of Buenos Aires, he remained the director of the institute that had endorsed him during his difficult times. He continued his devotion to the scientific progress of Argentina by conceiving, founding and directing the National Council of Scientific and Technical Research in Argentina, an organisation that aimed to nurture scientific careers and endeavours in order to help create and retain national scientific talent. It was a fitting capstone to a patriot whose career was unabashedly dedicated to the advancement of medical science.

As a result of a lifetime of remarkable achievements, Houssay was showered with numerous accolades. In addition to being recognised by the Nobel Foundation, he received honorary degrees and distinctions from multiple prestigious academic institutions such as Harvard, Cambridge, Oxford and the University of Paris. He was also the recipient of the Dale Medal, the highest honour in the field of endocrinology. But it was his unique amalgam of ingenuity, diligence, personal integrity and devotion to education that comprises the true testament to his legacy as a human being.

Moreover, notwithstanding a lifetime of purpose and triumph, Houssay remained humble. To this day, such infectious passion continues to inspire those familiar with the legacy of Bernardo Houssay. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

Fisiologia Houssay.pdf

Journal List Singapore Med J v. Singapore Med J. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Open in a separate window. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Bernardo Alberto Houssay [online] [Accessed December 17, ]. Available at: The Nobel Foundation. Bernardo Houssay — Biographical [online] [Accessed December 17, ]. Nobel Lecture: A dictionary of medical eponyms. Bernardo Houssay [online] [Accessed December 17, ].

Houssay demonstrated in the s the diabetogenic effect anterior hypophysis extracts and the decrease in diabetes severity with anterior hypophysectomy. These discoveries stimulated the study of hormonal feedback control mechanisms which are central to all aspects of modern endocrinology.

Houssay wrote with them the most influential textbook of Human Physiology in Latin America, in Spanish and Portuguese the latter was translated by Covian and collaborators , which, since has been published in successive editions and used in almost all medical schools of the continent.

Houssay published more than scientific papers and several specialized books. Besides the Nobel, Houssay won many distinctions and awards from the Universities of Harvard , Cambridge , Oxford and Paris and 15 other universities, as well as the Dale Medal of the Society for Endocrinology in Houssay was also very active as a scientific leader and promoter of the advancement of scientific research and medical education, in Argentina as well as in Latin America.

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Bernardo Houssay

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Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Retrieved 8 July Prize for Alberto Bernardo Houssay for discovery on the role of the hypophysis in carbohydrate metabolism". Wiadomosci Lekarskie Warsaw, Poland: Laureates of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Emil Behring Ronald Ross Niels Finsen Ivan Pavlov Robert Koch Alphonse Laveran Emil Kocher Albrecht Kossel Allvar Gullstrand Alexis Carrel Charles Richet Jules Bordet August Krogh Willem Einthoven Johannes Fibiger Julius Wagner-Jauregg Charles Nicolle Karl Landsteiner Otto Warburg Thomas Morgan Hans Spemann Corneille Heymans Gerhard Domagk Hermann Muller Max Theiler Selman Waksman Hugo Theorell Richards Daniel Bovet Huggins Robert W.

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