PETER BAER GALVIN. Pluribus Networks Operating systems are an essential part of any computer system. Similarly, a course on operating The bibliographical notes at the end of each chapter contain pointers to research papers in which. operating system notes(Galvin) - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Galvin was the systems manager for Brown University's Computer Science. Department. He is also We wrote this book as a text for an introductory course in operating systems at the junior or The bibliographical notes at the end of each.
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Lecture Notes. Week, Topic, Notes. 1. Introduction to Operating Systems and Computer Systems/OS Structures. Lecture set 1 (tentative): [ pdf ]. 2. Processes. Study Guide to Accompany Operating Systems Concepts 10th Ed by Silberschatz , Galvin and Gagne. By Andrew DeNicola, BU ECE Class of Click on the links below to download the slides in Powerpoint format. We also provide zip files of the all Powerpoint files, PDF files, and all figures used in the text.
Interesting how a tiny chip can be so powerful. A single chip can handle our desktops! The idea of a single chip computer dates back to the time when the field of electronics and integrated circuit technology were still in their infancy. The creation of the transistor in brought a boom in the research and development of integrated circuit technology. Intel was the first company to release a micro chip, a 4-bit all purpose chip, The Intel , in November The personal computer was first made possible by the development of the microprocessor during that year.
The personal computer was made possiible by the development of the microprocessor. Single chip computers cut costs dramatically and proved to be very reliable and effective.
In , Intel introduced the 8-bit microprocessor which was 10 times faster than the microprocessor.
The intel i7 microprocessors are the fastest microprocessors in present world. It comes in two variants, the quad core chip and the octa core chip with 8 MB of cache memory which is enough for the fast processing of the tasks.
The i7 is only 14 nm in size and is the fastest microprocessor!
The future is brighter for the technology as IBM has produced the world's first commercial 7 nm chip! It is made up of Silicon-Germanium SiGe alloy.
IBM claims a surface area reduction and power improvement of almost 50 percent over today's 10 nm chips. On the supporting Web site for this text, we provide several sample syllabi that suggest various approaches for using the text in both introductory and advanced courses. As a general rule, we encourage readers to progress sequentially through the chapters, as this strategy provides the most thorough study of operating systems.
However, by using the sample syllabi, a reader can select a different ordering of chapters or subsections of chapters. On this site, students can find sample exercises and programming problems, and instructors can assign and grade problems. In addition, in WileyPLUS, students can access new operating-system simulators, which are used to work through exercises and hands-on lab activities.
References to the simulators and associated activities appear at the ends of several chapters in the text. The text is organized in nine major parts: Chapters 1 and 2 explain what operating systems are, what they do, and how they are designed and constructed. These chapters discuss what the common features of an operating system are, what an operating system does for the user, and what it does for the computer-system operator.
The presentation is motivational and explanatory in nature. We have avoided a discussion of how things are done internally in these chapters. Therefore, they are suitable for individual readers or for students in lower-level classes who want to learn what an operating system is without getting into the details of the internal algorithms.
Process management and Process coordination. Chapters 3 through 7 describe the process concept and concurrency as the heart of modern operating systems.
A process is the unit of work in a system.. Such a system consists of a collection of concurrently executing processes, some of which are operating-system processes those that execute system code and the rest of which are user processes those that execute user code.
These chapters cover n1. Also included is a discussion of threads, as well as an examination of issues related to multicore systems. Memory management. Chapters 8 and 9 deal with the management of main memory during the execution of a process.
To improve both the utilization of the CPU and the speed of its response to its users, the computer must keep several processes in memory. There are many different www. Storage management. The file system provides the mechanism for on-line storage of and access to both data and programs.
We describe the classic internal algorithms and structures of storage management and provide a firm practical understanding of the algorithms used -their properties, advantages, and disadvantages. Our discussion of storage also includes matters related to secondary and tertiary storage.
Protection and security. Chapters 14 and 15 discuss the mechanisms necessary for the protection and security of computer systems. The processes in an operating system must be protected from one another's activities, and to provide such protection, we must ensure that only processes that have gained proper authorization from the operating system can operate on the files, memory, CPU, and other resources of the system.
Protection is a mechanism for controlling the access of programs, processes, or users to the resources defined by a computer system. This mechanism must provide a means of specifying the controls to be imposed, as well as a means of enforcement.
Security protects the integrity of the information stored in the system both data and code , as well as the physical resources of the system, from 1. Distributed systems. Chapters 16 through 18 deal with a collection of processors that do not share memory or a clock-a distributed system. By providing the user with access to the various resources that it maintains, a distributed system can improve computation speed and data availability and reliability.
Such a system also provides the user with a distributed file system, which is a file-service system whose users, servers, and storage devices are dispersed among the sites of a distributed system. A distributed system must provide various mechanisms for process synchronization and communication, as well as for dealing with deadlock problems and a variety of failures that are not encountered in a centralized system. Special-purpose systems. Chapters 19 and 20 deal with systems used for specific purposes, including real-time systems and multimedia systems.
These systems have specific requirements that differ from those of the general-purpose systems that are the focus of the remainder of the text. Real-time systems may require not only that computed results be "correct" but also that the results be produced within a specified deadline period.
Multimedia systems require quality-of-service guarantees ensuring that the multimedia data are delivered to clients within a specific time frame.
X Case studies. Chapters 21 through 23 in the book, and Appendices A through C which are available on www.
Most of its internal algorithms were selected for simplicity, rather than for speed or sophistication. Both Linux and FreeBSD are readily available to computer-science departments, so many students have access to these systems. We chose Windows XP and Windows because they provide an opporhmity for us to study a modern operating system with a design and implementation drastically different from those of UNIX.
Chapter 23 briefly describes a few other influential operating systems. This book uses examples of many real-world operating systems to illustrate fundamental operating-system concepts.