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Vishnu Purana. 4. Shiva Purana. 5. Vamana Purana. 6. Markandeya Purana. 7. Varaha Purana. 8. Agni Purana. 9. Kurma Purana. Bhagavad Maha Purana. mtn-i.info provides services of Shiv Puran in pdf, Read Shiv Puran, Free Downlaod Shiv Puran, Shiv Puran E-Book, Free Download Shiv Puran Book. Several editions of the Shiv Puran are available in the public domain in the PDF format for download in English, Hindi, Sanskrit, Telugu and.
The text is an important source of historic information on different types and theology behind Shaivism in early 2nd-millennium CE.
The oldest surviving chapters of the Shiva Purana have significant Advaita Vedanta philosophy, which is mixed in with theistic elements of bhakti.
In the 19th- and 20th-century, the Vayu Purana was sometimes titled as Shiva Purana, and sometimes proposed as a part of the complete Shiva Purana. With the discovery of more manuscripts, modern scholarship considers the two text as different, with Vayu Purana as the more older text composed sometime before 2nd-century CE. Some scholars list it as a Mahapurana, while some state it is an Upa Purana. The date and authors of Shiva Purana are unknown.
No authentic data is available. Scholars such as Klostermaier as well as Hazra estimate that the oldest chapters in the surviving manuscript were likely composed around the to 11th-centuries CE, which has not stood the test of carbon dating technology hence on that part we must rely on the text itself which tells when it was composed.
Certain books and chapters in currently surviving Shiva Purana manuscripts were likely composed later, some after the 14th-century. The Shiva Purana, like other Puranas in Hindu literature, were routinely edited, recast and revised over the centuries.
According to the lore, the Shiva Purana originally consisted of 12 Samhitas or chapters, and , verses. Of these the Rudra Samhita is the largest and consists of five parts dealing with creation of the existence, the story of Sati and Shiva, the story of Parvati and Shiva, the birth and battles of Kumara or Skanda, and the battles of Shiva.
The seventh samhita is the Vayaviya. It has been suggested that this samhita included what has now become the Agni Purana, which was split of at some time in the past to form a separate purana.
The Shiva Purana has all the characteristics of a Mahapurana. According to the ancients, a Mahapurana contained five main characteristics that concerned either early religion or traditional history.
Of these the origin of the universe Sarga is an important feature of every religion. As a Mahapurana and a sacred work of the Shiva cult, The Shiva Purana possesses this important trait. It discusses the origin of the universe which it traces to Shiva, the eternal god who though devoid of attributes, still has an inherent Energy which manifests itself in the form of three principles - Sattva, Rajas and Tamas personified as the three deities Vishnu, Brahma and Rudra.
The three have their respective energies called Lakshmi, Saraswati and Kali, in collaboration with whom they create, maintain and dissolve the universe. According to this account, the work of creation is entrusted to Brahma who creates the cosmic egg consisting of 24 principles.
The cosmic egg is insentient at first but when Vishnu pervades it, it goes in motion. Then different kinds of creation are evolved out of it.
The above analysis clearly demonstrates that the Shiva purana possesses the conventional characteristics of a Mahapurana in common with its other colleagues. These entitle it to the status of a great purana.