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Anchored on this premise, this paper aimed to identify the aesthetics of satire in Merlinda Bobis' Banana Heart Summer. It also sought to unveil the novel's. In her lush, luminous debut novel, Merlinda Bobis creates a dazzling feast for all the senses. Richly imagined, gloriously written, Banana Heart Summer is an incandescent tale of food, family, and longing—at once a love letter to mothers and daughters and a lively celebration of. written, Banana Heart Summer is an incandescent tale of food, family, and banana heart; in the tantalizing scent of Manolito, the heartthrob of.

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Get this from a library! Banana heart summer: a novel. [Merlinda C Bobis]. Banana Heart Summer - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Editorial Reviews. From Publishers Weekly. Poet Bobis serves up compassion and tenderness Banana Heart Summer: A Novel by [Bobis, Merlinda].

Shelves: owned , , merlinda-bobis While reading this book, you'll remember everything what your mother told you when you were young. Her old classic stories and the tragedies that she embark growing with her own family. My mother lived in a barriotic place of Mindanao, somewhere were gadgets and even electricity were never a hindrance to their living. She always talks about her siblings and the days that they enjoyed in there small kitchen cooking, chatting and revealing secrets like the old tale of The Red Tent. She talks mostly While reading this book, you'll remember everything what your mother told you when you were young. She talks mostly about food, they are the family of best chef. From local delicacies to there own invented recipes, to the sweetest or the most bitter dish they ever made. I must be envy of her past and her siblings but all I can do for now is to concentrate and read the story of Merlinda Bobis while she travels her own character to Bicol, where two Gods meet face-to-face with the powerful power of food and passion from her book Banana Heart Summer. After reading this book, I must be dreaming eating Atchara, a Philippines condiment cooked from pickled papaya and usually served as a side dish. Every time Inday fried or grilled a fish, chicken or a pork, she always served pickled papaya to increase our appetite.

The former exaggerates physical features or traits while the latter deals with the exaggeration of style through language or action. I wondered what they ate; their house hardly smelled of cooking.

In my heart I knew that her family felt it too- the esophagus lengthening, I mean. And as they were poorer than us, perhaps other parts inevitably followed suit- the tongue, the cheeks, and the eyes, perhaps stretching towards the earth, as if they were already being pulled into their graves. The description of Tiya Asun, having no breasts, no hips, no brows and little hair added to the exaggerated faces of scarcity in all levels— material and physical.

She is a full—blooded Spaniard who wears mantilla, a lace or silk veil or shawl worn over the head and shoulders, often over a high comb called a peineta, popular with women in Spain.

The narrator describes Senora Ching in the following lines when she catches the narrator holding a bottle of an ube jam in their kitchen. She wore an emerald silk robe with red dragons—she had a penchant for fire- breathing things—and the most beautiful tortoiseshell comb with gold studs, angled gracefully on the side of her low chignon. Likewise, her act of screaming because she sees a thief in the year- old girl holding a bottle of jam inside her own kitchen is indeed an exaggeration.

Incongruity Incongruity is used to present things or ideas that are absurd or out of place. Included in this second group are irony, oxymoron, metaphor, and paradox. The actual intent of irony is to express the opposite meaning of words. Both oxymoron and paradox use contradiction of something through language and action to present the real idea or situation.

One example of ironic circumstance in the novel is shown during the volcanic eruption, which the residents of Remedios Street found ordinary, and being so, it will not stop the celebration of their fiesta.

By businessmen, the novel refers to those who are closely related to the mayor. The time of calamity turns out as a prosperous time for the residents and the greedy politicians. The locals are able to taste foreign products from the black market, so little do they know that those goods were supposed to be given to them for free.

The generosity of the neighborhood when Mang Anding commits suicide is another example of incongruity. The novel implies that his family is the poorest yet nobody offers help.

The Chings family give five hundred pesos, for the funeral services. Parody The third group, parody, is used to ridicule the original through imitation of a usually serious piece of work. Travesty falls under this group; it presents a usually religious subject playfully reducing it to the lowest level of mockery.

Chapter 42 of the novel is entitled Cosido: A sour soup, cocido is what one sees in front of Mang Gusting Alano and Miss VV while they discuss about the unwanted pregnancy that results from their illicit affair. Note in the following lines: The same is true in the following line: I only want to cook good, I only want to eat good, I only want to be good. The novena is mentioned in the novel as a repetitive prayer, which Nining recites while being beaten by her mother.

Reversal Reversal focuses on the use of order of things or ideas such as a hierarchical order or events. Palindrome, the use of a word, phrase or number that reads the same backward or forward can be identified under this fourth group. The reversal in the novel is evident in the character of Nining. She is just 12 years old, yet she already wants to help feed the family.

[PDF] Banana Heart Summer (Thorndike Reviewers Choice) Popular Online

Her first earning amounting to four pesos is even higher than the last wage her father brought home after he had lost his job. The position of the two letters in both words creates confusion between the words themselves, yet the paranoia is obvious to a person who knows better but has failed to act accordingly. The idea of child labor and child abuse is just one of the issues in the reality frame which the novel discloses. At 12 years old, Nining is forced to stop attending school and volunteers to help the family by working as a maid.

Afterwards, she feeds her. The problems of illicit affair, corruption, and rampant moral degradation made through gossips among the neighborhood are just some of the issues unraveled in the novel using metaphorical representations of food. The entire novel is full of lines that reveal thoughtful concerns presented in a way that the reader shall find amusing yet needs to be changed.

The Bicolanos are Filipinos whose ideas and ideals may emanate from their inherent desires and their promulgation rooted from the type of culture that they have. The researcher, therefore, recommends that creative writing be treated with purpose. Literature is not just for entertainment; more so, it is supposed to suggest, inform, and educate, and must serve their worth if taught well in institutions. Through various representation of ideas employing technology, information may instill attraction to the learners.

Merlinda Bobis

This paper also recommends the use of popular culture specifically satirical comic strips similar to the Japanese manga. The satirical comic strips may be an example of an innovative media that can be accessible not only in the Philippines but also in the global community. The mirror and the lamp: Romantic theory and the critical tradition.

Oxford University Press Inc. Abrams M. A glossary of literary terms: Seventh edition. Cornell University. Bobis, M. Banana heart summer. Pasig City, Philippines: Anvil Publishing Inc..

Clifford, G. The interpretation of cultures. New York: Basic, Colayco, C. The Novelist: A portrait painter. Santos, P. M Twentieth century Bikol women writers: Fernandez, D. Culture ingested: Notes on the indigenization of food. Philippine Studies, 36 2 , Hornedo F. Ideas and ideals: Essays in Filipino cognitive history. Manila, Philippines: UST Publishing house. Hornedo, F. Pagpapakatao and other essays in Contemporary Philosophy and Literature of Ideas. UST Publishing House. Revaluation Makaryk, I.

Encyclopedia of contemporary literary theory: Approaches, scholars, terms. Canada, University of Toronto press Inc. Simon, B. Urban Dictionary. Retrieved from http: Sy-Ng, MCB. The heart of the matter: A Lacanian unveiling of the unconscious discourse in Banana Heart Summer. Ad Veritatem, 1 1 , Sy MB. Download pdf. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link.

Need an account? Click here to sign up. Help Center Find new research papers in: In addition, a satire aims to point out human behavior that is despicable and hence, needs to be changed. The goal of a satire can be either destruction or reform but mainly for the general benefit or betterment of humanity as a whole. In general, there are two identified satirical styles—direct and indirect.

A direct satire is that which is directly stated; an indirect one is communicated or 34 International Peer Reviewed Journal implied through characters in a situation. The two well-known types of satire are the Horatian, described as intended for fun which is light-hearted, and the Juvenalian, the bitter, attacking and angry in nature.

Beckson and Ganz explain that the treatment and attitude rather than the subject matter mark the presence of satire. Satirical techniques and devices There is a variety of satirical techniques and devices which can be used to comment on or criticize a particular subject or character.

Some of them are irony, hyperbole, paradox, palindrome, oxymoron, magic realism and social realism. In addition to these, defamiliarization is also a technical satirical device like tropes and conceits.

As a technique, defamiliarization uses devices like tropes, metaphors, magic realism, and social realism to present ideas in an unfamiliar artistic form purposively to stimulate fresh perception. As applied in literature, defamiliarization works in three levels: language, content, and literary forms. Needless to say, the entire novel applies these three levels. The following are the various satirical tropes readers can identify in the novel.

For clarity, they are presented according to type: 1. Exaggeration Exaggeration aims to represent something beyond the ordinary and make it appear ridiculous so that the readers can identify the subjected flaws of the individual or society as a whole.

Under exaggeration are caricature and burlesque. The former exaggerates physical features or traits while the latter deals with the exaggeration of style through language or action. Hyperbole and farce may also 35 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research be classified under this type since both utilize exaggeration through language and situations.

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In my heart I knew that her family felt it too- the esophagus lengthening, I mean. And as they were poorer than us, perhaps other parts inevitably followed suit- the tongue, the cheeks, and the eyes, perhaps stretching towards the earth, as if they were already being pulled into their graves.

The description of Tiya Asun, having no breasts, no hips, no brows and little hair added to the exaggerated faces of scarcity in all levels— material and physical. She is a full—blooded Spaniard who wears mantilla, a lace or silk veil or shawl worn over the head and shoulders, often over a high comb called a peineta, popular with women in Spain. The narrator describes Senora Ching in the following lines when she catches the narrator holding a bottle of an ube jam in their kitchen.

She wore an emerald silk robe with red dragons—she had a penchant for fire- breathing things—and the most beautiful tortoiseshell comb with gold studs, angled gracefully on the side of her low chignon.

Likewise, her act of screaming because she sees a thief in the year- old girl holding a bottle of jam inside her own kitchen is indeed an exaggeration.

Incongruity Incongruity is used to present things or ideas that are absurd or out of place. Included in this second group are irony, oxymoron, metaphor, and paradox. The actual intent of irony is to express the opposite meaning of words.

Both oxymoron and paradox use contradiction of something through language and action to present the real idea or situation. One example of ironic circumstance in the novel is shown during the volcanic eruption, which the residents of Remedios Street found ordinary, and being so, it will not stop the celebration of their fiesta.

By businessmen, the novel refers to those who are closely related to the mayor. The time of calamity turns out as a prosperous time for the residents and the greedy politicians. The locals are able to taste foreign products from the black market, so little do they know that those goods were supposed to be given to them for free.

The generosity of the neighborhood when Mang Anding commits suicide is another example of incongruity. The novel implies that his family is the poorest yet nobody offers help. The Chings family give five hundred pesos, for the funeral services. Parody The third group, parody, is used to ridicule the original through imitation of a usually serious piece of work. Travesty falls under this group; it presents a usually religious subject playfully reducing it to the lowest level of mockery.

Chapter 42 of the novel is entitled Cosido: soup of immaculada concepcion. A sour soup, cocido is what one sees in front of Mang Gusting Alano and Miss VV while they discuss about the unwanted pregnancy that results from their illicit affair.

The same is true in the following line: I only want to cook good, I only want to eat good, I only want to be good. The novena is mentioned in the novel as a repetitive prayer, which Nining recites while being beaten by her mother. Reversal Reversal focuses on the use of order of things or ideas such as a hierarchical order or events. Palindrome, the use of a word, phrase or number that reads the same backward or forward can be identified under this fourth group.

The reversal in the novel is evident in the character of Nining. She is just 12 years old, yet she already wants to help feed the family. Her first earning amounting to four pesos is even higher than the last wage her father brought home after he had lost his job.

AddALL Ebooks: compare price: banana heart summer by merlinda bobis

The position of the two letters in both words creates confusion between the words themselves, yet the paranoia is obvious to a person who knows better but has failed to act accordingly. The idea of child labor and child abuse is just one of the issues in the reality frame which the novel discloses. At 12 years old, Nining is forced to stop attending school and volunteers to help the family by working as a maid.

Afterwards, she feeds her. The problems of illicit affair, corruption, and rampant moral degradation made through gossips among the neighborhood are just some of the issues unraveled in the novel using metaphorical representations of food.

The entire novel is full of lines that reveal thoughtful concerns presented in a way that the reader shall find amusing yet needs to be changed. The Bicolanos are Filipinos whose ideas and ideals may emanate from their inherent desires and their promulgation rooted from the type of culture that they have. The researcher, therefore, recommends that creative writing be treated with purpose. Literature is not just for entertainment; more so, it is supposed to suggest, inform, and educate, and must serve their worth if taught well in institutions.

Through various representation of ideas employing technology, information may instill attraction to the learners.

This paper also recommends the use of popular culture specifically satirical comic strips similar to the Japanese manga. The satirical comic strips may be an example of an innovative media that can be accessible not only in the Philippines but also in the global community.

The mirror and the lamp: Romantic theory and the critical tradition. Oxford: Oxford University Press Inc. Abrams M. A glossary of literary terms: Seventh edition. Cornell University. Bobis, M. Banana heart summer. Clifford, G. The interpretation of cultures.

New York: Basic, Colayco, C. The Novelist: A portrait painter. Santos, P. M Fernandez, D. Culture ingested: Notes on the indigenization of food. Philippine Studies, 36 2 , Hornedo F. Ideas and ideals: Essays in Filipino cognitive history. Hornedo, F. Pagpapakatao and other essays in Contemporary Philosophy and Literature of Ideas. Makaryk, I.

Encyclopedia of contemporary literary theory: Approaches, scholars, terms. Canada, University of Toronto press Inc. Simon, B. Urban Dictionary. The strange synthesis of cookery, tales, and of human interaction is the dominant metaphorical theme of the novel, which, categorically speaking, appeals more to the intellect rather than to the senses. This appeal can be discerned amid the strewn metaphors that frequently appear in the novel. The novel also attempts to establish a literary continuity between food preparation, consumption, and human relations and to present the facets of human relationships that can be explained creatively and understood in terms of food.

Characters The characters in the first novel are semi-pathetic individuals seeking and aiming for hope, love, and acceptance. The narrator, both the year-old Nining and the forty-year-old Nenita, longs for maternal love and acceptance, and after 29 years of working abroad, she longs for her country and hometown. Her mother, Marina and father Gable are also trying hard to find their proper places and responsibility for their children.

Gable, is said to have his tongue eaten by the devil, hence his silence on whatever occurs in the house. Another character, Nana Dora, the cook, relies on some myths to sustain her hope of having her husband Tasyo back.

Her husband left her because she failed to give him a child. She falls in love and gets pregnant by a married man. Ralph Mckenna is an American who is old enough to be Ms. Basilio is outsmarted by Mang Gusting, a married man, who is helplessly trapped in a marriage with Tiya Asun, who finds liberty in the delicacies that she prepares, making twists in the recipes and ingredients but with a deeper purpose of wanting to keep her marriage alive.

Though the richest in the town, Manolito seems unhappy having busy parents, Mr. The family of Mang Anding is considered the poorest in their street. After losing his job during a volcanic eruption, his wife being ill while his twins 30 International Peer Reviewed Journal have nothing to eat, he commits suicide.

Later in the novel, Nining learns that Boy Hapon is an ordinary person just like her, the twins Chichi and Bebet and the other folks in the neighborhood and inside his hut is collection of romance pocketbooks. Critically speaking, one can say that every character, in general, aims for his or her particular desires. The novel presents each of them as being unsatisfied with what he or she has. The characters expect for something. Structure and Style In this paper, structure refers to the presentation of the story.

It is the manner by which the author presents the chronology of events. It was when she heard of the myth of the banana heart and decided to get hold of it. Nenita enumerates her townsfolk and describes each character while revealing how these characters are interrelated.

In so doing, she vividly describes every dish representing each character and the manner of preparing it. Such can be discerned from the following excerpts: -to hold her tightly at night, whispering over and over again, I love you Maring, I love you.

Then a baby always arrived from the armpit p. The narrator also talks about falling in love at a very young age. She describes her ability and inability to understand things as a child. Two guavas, two guavas, she said swallowing a fresh burst of giggles.

I looked up. My cheeks were on fire. Was it a fruit of a vegetable? Of course I love my own? Even today, it takes great effort to believe myself p. I could climb any tree at my time p.

That summer I was twelve, lihi made sense. Today, twenty years later, 32 International Peer Reviewed Journal and so far away from home, I understand and I forgive p. Theme In the book, material poverty coexists alongside spiritual poverty. The novel depicts an aching need for acceptance and love in the lives of those who live on Remedios Street during that summer. Undeniably, most characters are individuals who are eternally searching for inner peace.

The nourishment of body and soul is the most sought-after idea in the novel as the narrator and other characters long for satisfaction and fulfilment of their desires. Tone Tone or intonation refers to the expression of a literary speaker towards his reader or listener. Abrams discusses tone further in the following statements: The tone of a speech can be described as critical or approving, formal or intimate, outspoken or reticent, solemn or playful, arrogant or prayerful, angry or loving, serious or ironic, condescending or obsequious, and so on through numberless possible nuances of relationship and attitude both to object and auditor.

The satires are evident in the use of various metaphors throughout the narrative; these metaphors sounds loving but have serious meaning that requires readers to understand the undertones more deeply. The author also resorts to writing on serious subjects in lighter tone making the readers feel light rather than bored or scared.

Mother screamed. Junior giggled. I must admit I was confused when I overheard something about teeth, as they shuffled cards. I asked my mistress.

Violeta Valenzuela could not answer. Her face was torn between laughter and guilt, neither of which I understood. Loose morals. She could not enlighten me about my confused consonants. She searched my face for any sign of accusation. Hunger may cause people to be greedy and at the same disrespectful. The issue of talking about others behind their back while playing cards is inherent in the barrio folks. The aesthetics of satire in the novel What is satire?

Satire is a form of literature, which, according to Hornedo, is just like ode, lyric, panegyric, elegy, lampoon, caricature, comedy, tragedy, and romance. A satire primarily seeks to ridicule or criticize any subject, idea, institution or mankind in general. However, the satirist also seeks to expose some representative vices that are considered threat or harmful in the society.

In addition, a satire aims to point out human behavior that is despicable and hence, needs to be changed. The goal of a satire can be either destruction or reform but mainly for the general benefit or betterment of humanity as a whole.

In general, there are two identified satirical styles—direct and indirect. A direct satire is that which is directly stated; an indirect one is communicated or 34 International Peer Reviewed Journal implied through characters in a situation.

The two well-known types of satire are the Horatian, described as intended for fun which is light-hearted, and the Juvenalian, the bitter, attacking and angry in nature.

Beckson and Ganz explain that the treatment and attitude rather than the subject matter mark the presence of satire. Satirical techniques and devices There is a variety of satirical techniques and devices which can be used to comment on or criticize a particular subject or character. Some of them are irony, hyperbole, paradox, palindrome, oxymoron, magic realism and social realism.

In addition to these, defamiliarization is also a technical satirical device like tropes and conceits. As a technique, defamiliarization uses devices like tropes, metaphors, magic realism, and social realism to present ideas in an unfamiliar artistic form purposively to stimulate fresh perception.

As applied in literature, defamiliarization works in three levels: language, content, and literary forms. Needless to say, the entire novel applies these three levels. The following are the various satirical tropes readers can identify in the novel. For clarity, they are presented according to type: 1. Exaggeration Exaggeration aims to represent something beyond the ordinary and make it appear ridiculous so that the readers can identify the subjected flaws of the individual or society as a whole.

Under exaggeration are caricature and burlesque. The former exaggerates physical features or traits while the latter deals with the exaggeration of style through language or action. Hyperbole and farce may also 35 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research be classified under this type since both utilize exaggeration through language and situations.

In my heart I knew that her family felt it too- the esophagus lengthening, I mean. And as they were poorer than us, perhaps other parts inevitably followed suit- the tongue, the cheeks, and the eyes, perhaps stretching towards the earth, as if they were already being pulled into their graves.

The description of Tiya Asun, having no breasts, no hips, no brows and little hair added to the exaggerated faces of scarcity in all levels— material and physical. She is a full—blooded Spaniard who wears mantilla, a lace or silk veil or shawl worn over the head and shoulders, often over a high comb called a peineta, popular with women in Spain.

The narrator describes Senora Ching in the following lines when she catches the narrator holding a bottle of an ube jam in their kitchen.

She wore an emerald silk robe with red dragons—she had a penchant for fire- breathing things—and the most beautiful tortoiseshell comb with gold studs, angled gracefully on the side of her low chignon.

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