Ship or sheep 3rd edition pdf

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In the preparation of this new edition I would like to thank: Sally Mellersh ( formerly of expanding the lisr of likely errors to accompany the new editions of Ship or Sheep? and. Tlee or Three?by its .. terrific gorilla. (3rd syllable) chimpanzee. In Ship or Sheep?only the main strong stressin a word is in bold to show you 96 UUr 25 /d/ door 4 Verbsendingin ed Verbs endingin ed are pronounced: ldl .. parcels arms artists zips legs 3rd person makes thinks wants smells contains. MRSLEAR:Hisbeardhasnearlydisappearedintohis6_ I MRLEAR: 7T leel chair trtr, rihrs rhe rredding? Here?. Ship or sheep-third edition book.

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Ship Or Sheep 3rd Edition Pdf

Second edition Third edition Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge. A catalogue record for this. Ship or Sheep Third Edition - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Cambridge-Ship or Sheep by Ann Baker - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or Documents Similar To Ship or Sheep Ship or Sheep Third Edition.

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Ship or Sheep PDF. Karina New. SallyMellersh formerly of Hammersmith and WestLondon College for updating and expandingthe lisr of likely errorsto accompanythe new editions of Ship or Sheep? David McCreathfor IT assistanceand contribution to my computer literacy. Sandra Turner for help with typing. My editors N6irin Burke,FrancesAmrani and YvonneHarmer, aswell as the following teachersfrom all over the world who commented during developmentand gaveme such practical advice: I would like to continue to thankAmir Pirouzan,Iean Crockerand Iohn Lipscomb for their adviceand encouragementduring the preparation of the original edition of Ship or Sheep?

Not thatone. Youthink he's s and I'm unattractive. And Hunterlovesyou too. Oh,just shutup,Jasmine! Oh,shutup, Jasmine. Then practise reading the dialogue aloud. In the dialogue in 3b, you may have noticed that Iasmine's stressand intonation changed at the end when she got angrywith Duncan. Emotions N neutral A angry I No, he doesn't. I Complete this statement. He bought a cup and some nuts. He bought a cup, some nuts and some honey. He bought a cup, some nuts, some honey and a brush.

Choose any words from the list below. My uncle went to London and he spent a lot of money. He bought a bus comoanv. He bought a bus company and a toy duck. Each player remembers what the others have said and then adds something to the list.

Practise saying these phrases before you start. Make a list of all the words in this unit that are pronounced lttlbttt spelt with the letter o,hke loue.

Add other words to this list when you see them. Listenand repeat. There's There's a barnon it. For eachword write l for lal soundI or 2 for lstl sound2. Listento the minimal pair sentencesagainand underlinethe sentence stress on page What'sin that barn? A Minimalpairwords rlr,ea Listenand repeatthe words.

Read the names aloud or visit the website to practise. Remember that when we say both the first and last names, the last name has the strongest stress.

It's Tara. It's Tara Darling. Then read the dialogue and fill the gaps with the correct adjectives from the box. Peopleore loughingin the gorden. Hereyou are. Comeintothe garden. TaraDarlingand Markus Marsharedancingon the grass. Shecan'tdancebut she looksvery Lookat Markus.

Then practisereadingthe dialoguealoud. Recordyour voiceto compareyour productionof the targetsoundwith the recording. What a funny dancer! What a marvellousphetograph! What a fantastic guital! P ic ku p p a i r s Photocopyand cut out cardsfrom all minimal pairs in units Turn over any two cards and read their sentences aloud. If they are minimal pairs, you keep them and you continue playtng. If these two cards aren't minimal pairs, turn them face down again and the next person plays. Collect as many pairs as you can in a time limit, e.

ST You can use a dictionary if you wish, but you dont need to understand every word to do this test. Then circle the one word that is said twice. Note that meaning is not important in this exercise. The purpose is to review the sounds by hearing them in contrast.

Number I has been done. I 'I'm goingto makesomejelly. Scorehalf a mark per item. I Listen again to the dialogue in that unit, listening for the target sound. You can also use this review task as a quick self-test, by doing steps 2 and 4 only.

He'sgot a white cot. Putit in a sock. Turnthattop slowly. Listento the minimal pair sentencesagainand match them with the sentencestresspatternsbelow. The big circlesare the strongsyllablesand the small circlesare the weaksyllables. Read the wordsaloud or visit the websiteto practise. Then read the dialogueand fill the gaps l-6 with the correctadjectivesfrom the box. What'swrongwith you, Mrs Bloggs? What'swrongwith me? downloada bottleof 'OnwashiMrs Bloggs! Use'Onwash' often. Youwon't be sorrywhen you'vegot 'Onwash'.

Sometimes this shows whether the speaker is more polite and friendly or less friendly. Intonation goes up in a Intonation goes dorninin a suggestion, and this sounds command, and this sounds less polite and friendly: Have a holiday, Mrs Bloggs. Have afu4iday, Mrs Bloggs. Stop wdshing, MrWong. Stop washing, MrWong. Don't dfop that pol! Dont drep that pe! Put it on the box, Miss Iohnson. Put it on the box, Miss ohnson. Decide if they are suggestions which are polite and friendly as the intonation is going ufl or commands which are lessfriendly as the intonation is going tfotryn.

Draw an ilrowup or dorrmin the spacebefore the strongly stressed word. AFBc Listen again and then practisethe sentences. Recordyourvoice to compareyour production of the intonation with the recording. In the morning? His daughter-in-law, Dawn. She'svery sporty. Lookfor the forks.

I don'tlikethesesports. A6rae sentence stress Listen to the minimal pair sentences again and underline the sentence stress on page The weakly stressed words are quieter and quidcu. Thismorningthe Roarers footballteam arrivedbackfrom yorr. LauraShortis our sportsreporter,and she was at the airport.

Thisis Laurashort. All the footballers are walkingtowardsme. Here'sCeorgeBall,the goalkeeper. Cood morning,Ceorge. Cood morning. Are you a reporter? Well,it was awful. We lost And the scorewas forty-four, four. But it wasn'tmv fault. Whosefaultwas it, Ceorge?

Theywerealwaysfallingoveror losingthe ball! We can show a feeling of surprise with an intonation that goes a long way up. Mr Shortalwaysplaysfootballin the morning. In the rnorning? Mr Short?

B is surprised that he plays in the morning. C is surprised that Mr Short plays. E is surprised that he always pIays. At the airport? I I've put the ball in the drawer. Listen and rePeat. A rock rook Thewind blew aroundthe rock. Listen to the minimal pair sentences again and write the word which has the strongest stressin each pair in the table.

Then read the special meanings. Pair 2 Evervbodv else has a different answer. Pair 3 Nobody else would do that, Pair 4 But not under it or above it.

Pair5 Don't trust anvbodv else. Couldyou tell me whereyou'veput my book,Bronwen? MR CooK: Thenyou shouldlookin the bedroom,shouldn'tyou? The livingroom? Practise reading the dialogue aloud. The intonation in most question tagsis going down. This meansthat the speakerexpectsagreement. So doum tags are used a lot in conversationsto createagreementand rapport betweenthe speakers.

He couldnt cook, cotrld he? Shecould play foatball, eogldn't she? You wouldn't look. Thev would like suear. Shecouldn't ewk, eErld she? I We couldnt cook a cakewithout sugar. I had servingsof gooseberryfool.

I a stupid person;2 mousse,souffl6,strudel and fool are desserts -: I '"' ni m a lp a i rs SoundI Sound2 'd.. Luke,a new moon! The signsaid'Pool'. Then listen and underline the strong stressesin: Then read the dialogue and guesswhich words are strongly stressed. The number in brackets tells you how many strong stressesthere are in that line. The first line has been done.

Check your answers. LUCY; 2 There'ssome chewinggum on your shoe. Wasit you, Lucy? J ULI E: My mouth'sfull of chewinggum. Loo MissLuke! Stoppullingmy hair,Susan. Notice how the strongly stressed words are LOUDer, and the weakly stressed words are said very quiddy. Couldyou tell me whereI canget some 1 shoelaces?

There'sa shopnextto the 2 supermarket that sellsvsrygood l shoelaces. Trv to saythe unstressedsyllablesquickly. Sound2 lsl fur She'sgotfur. I wouldn'tlikewormsoup. For each word write I for lcll sound L' or 2 for lstl sound 2. Blla e sentencestress Listento the minimal pair sentencesagainand underlinethe sentence stress on page R vil west wolst t It'sthe westwind. Minimalpairwords Errda Listenand repeatthe words. Hl;l b Youwill hear five wordsfrom eachminimal pair.

UN T12 lstl g,irl 45 - 'nal pairsC: Fabulous fern! Lookat that burn. That'sa tiny littlebird. My headhurts! He neverarrivesat workearly.

He and er NurseTurnerweren'tat workon Thursdav, were thev? NurseShermanis the worstnursein the ward. No, he isn't,ColonelBurton. He'sthe worstnursein the world! This meansthe speakerexpectsagreement. Down tags are used a lot to create agreementand rapport betweenthe speakers. We were at work early,werent we? Yes,we were. Sometimesthe intonation goesup. This meansthe speakeris not sureif the information is correct and is askingthe listener to checkit.

Beforean up tag thereis often a slightpause.. The nurseswere at work on Thursday,werent they? Yes,thev were. Listen and mark intonation arrowson the tagsSlexpects agreement or I not sure. Number I hasbeen done. I They werent walking to work, rqdrethey? Record your voice to compareyour production of the intonation with the recording. But dont forget to telephone as soon as you arrive. Look at the clock. Look et the clock. It's six o'clock. It's six a'clock. Now practise these.

It's e quarte te twelve. Record your voice to listen to your production of the target sound. Barbere spent Satedayaftenoon Iooking et e beautifal book ebout South emerice.

The next morning, when Barbere woke up it wes six e'clock, end he brothes end sisteswe still esleep. Barbere looked et them, end then closed her eyes egain. Then she quietly got out af bed end started te pack he suitcase. She took same comfeteble clothes out ef tha cupbed. She packed e pair ef binocules end he siste'scamera. She packed e photegraph ef haself end one ef he mothar and fathe.

Bet then she looked et the clock. It wes e quarte to seven. She wes still in he bed, and he brothes end sisteswe laughing et he. Bat Barbere didn't answe. She wes thinking ebout he wondeful iourney te South americe. This is the weak form of uas. This is a different sound. This is the strong form of uras Then listen and repeat. Wes she thinking about SouthAmerica? Wa her brothers and sistersasleep? Yes,they were. De they like reading? Yes,they do.

Heveyou read about SouthAmerica? Yes,I have. Dasyour friend like reading? Yes,he does. Yes,we are. Hasyour friend been to SouthAmerica? Yes,he has. Can you swim? Yes,I can. The first line has been done for you. Canyou download somethingfor me at the newsagent's? Butthe newsagent's is a mile from the library. Not that newsagent's. Not the one that'snextto the fish and chip shop. Oh, yes. Well,what do you want? Somechocolates and a tin of sweetsand an addressboor. Pickup samesounds Photocopy and cut out cards from all minimal pairs in Units B Shuffle the cards and deal them face down all over the table.

If they are the same vowel sound you keep them and you continue playing. If those two cards aren't the same vowel sound, turn them face down again and the next person plays. Collect as many same sound pairs as you can in a time limit, e. TEST You can use a dictionary if you wish, but you don't have to understand every word to do this test.

Thenci rcl etheone word - or part of a word - that is said twice. Incomplete words have the rest of the word written in brackets, e. Is your name spelt C-K? My occupation. I'm not a wine taster. I'm a food tester. Listenand e- repeat. The secondpart of the soundis shorter. Thedog'sin theshade. It'sa difficultage. That's That's Min i ma l p a i rwords B28a tl Listen and repeatthe words.

Notice which words are nouns, adjectives or main verbs. These are often important, and the most important words for the meaning of a sentence are stressed. Then listen to the sentences again and underline the sentence stress on page The 8. My timetablesays: BakerStreettrain- B. A mistake? Oh no. The BakerStreettrainleavesat B. Theychangedthe timetableat the end of April. MR cREY: MayI seethe new timetable?

BakerStreettrain- 8. Oh no,you'reright. I'm afraid you've made a mistake, sir. They changed the timetable. Changed it? Note that number 7 needs a different word in the answer. Draw intonation arrows following the example in l.

Check your answers by Iistening to the recording and then practise the intonation. Record your voice to compare your production of the intonation with the recording. It's theeighth of May. It's Mrs Grey'sbirthday today. And she'sgoingaway for a holiday B: And she'sgoingby plane. Shewants to go to Spain. Are you all riglrt?

I'm fine. I'm just flring mv kite. Have a nice time! I The second part ofthe sound is shorter.

Ship or Sheep? 3rd Student's Book An Intermediate Pronunciation Course - ebooksz

Whata noisybike. Pa He loveshis Pa. Checkthe height. B3zae SentenCestreSS Listen to the minimal pair sentencesagain and underline the sentence stress on page I a cart I b kite I 2 a darning! Then read the dialogue and fill the gaps l-f 0 with the correcr words from the box. Hi, Nigel. Hi, Heidi. Keepson typing. No thanks,Nigel l'm busytyping. N IGEL: Do you likemotor riding,Caroline? Mobilephone rings. Not tonight,Nigel. All rightthen.

Nigel'sput somethingbehindyourcomputer. I think is quite exciting. Do you like it? Wouldyou liketo come with me on Friday? Wouldsomeothertime be all right? EV ball boil It'sa ballonhishead. It'sa boil on his head. Lookat that goldencoin.

M Minimalpairwords toal Roy Hearthe engineroar. Hearthe engine,Roy. Then listen and repeat. For each word, write for ltl sound L or 2 for lctl sound 2. The less important words for the meaning are r4i. Underline the most important words in the sentences on page It'sout of oil. And l ookl poi nti ng Or evendestroyed it. How disappointing! They all contain the samesound. Then listen and checkyour answers. Whenyou meet a newword, you can checkthe word stressin a good dictionary.

Most dictionaries use the symbolrin front of the main stressedsyllable,and the symbol, to show any secondarystress usuallyin longer words , e.

Choosefour of the longestwords in the list in 4a and useyour dictionary to checkifthere is any secondarystress. Nlaui house ' ; r'our cow? It's running: I said how'syour cow? The second part of the sound is shorter. It wasa longbow. Her browwaswrinkled grass glouse There's grasshere. There's beautiful beautiful arch ouch Arch!

For each word write I for latl sound l or 2 for laul sound 2. B4sae Sentence stress First read the minimal pair sentences and notice which words are adjectives or adverbs.

These are often important for the meaning of a sentence aswell as nouns and main verbs. I 6a tarn I b tourn tr! Dialogue O a First practisethe sound laul inwords from the dialogue. Readthe words aloud or visit the websiteto practise. Readthe dialogueand listen to the recordingat the sametime.

You'reshoutingtoo loudly. Sit down and don't frown. A town mouse? A littleroundmouse. On the ground? Well,get it out. Turnthe couchupsidedown. Cet it out somehowWe don'twanta mousein our house. Oursis the cleanesthousein the townl c Practise reading the corrected dialogue. Stressin phrasalverbs ir;: I He's sitting dolrm. I Put it dornm. Maybe I'll go with Bert. That'smy boat.

I wokeearly. He likesfloating M i n i m apa l i rw o rd s Bssaa Listenand repeatthe words. Notice how all the other words in the sentence are said more quiddyand quietly. Underline the sentence stressin the sentences on page It'sa note. We had a boatpicnic. Civeme thebowl. For each word vwite I for lcll sound l or 2 for laul sound 2. I a fern I b phone I 2a o r I b o h I 3 a ball I b bowl I 4 a b u rn I b b o n e tr 5 a walk I b work tr c woke f 5 Dialogue u Eitrt practisethe target sound laul inwords from the dialogue.

Snowin October Joe Jones is sleeping, but Joonno woke up a few minutes ogo. Whatis it, Joanna? Lookout of the window. My eyesare closed,and l'm goingto go to sleepagain.

Don'tgo to sleep,Joe. Lookat the snow! But it's only October. Comeoverto the window,Joe. You'rejoking,Joanna, There'sno snow. Clues Across: I've been ht aring that joke about a bee in my bt't-'rfor nearly sixty-three y rars. J- rr,,,. It'sa smallbeer. Pea Prel It'san old pea. He hasa blackbeard. Minimalpairwords rp. For eachword, write l for lill sound l or 2 for lrcl sound2. Then listen to the sentencesagain and underline the sentence stress on page Then read the dialogue and fitl the gaps f -B with the correct words from the box below.

Whata good idea! Theyhavevery good beer here. But it'swindierthan lastyear. Hiss is in his beer. Two beers. This'rule' only applies to some speakersof English, e. But many native speakersalways pronounce lrl, e. Here'sthe beer.

Then listen and check. I can hear Mr Lear. He can hear us too. Mr Lear calls her'dear'. Dear old Mrs Lear is here in the kitchen. He's a mountaineer. A mountaineer always spends some time each year in the mountains.

Oh, my dear, I wouldn't dare! J Ioin the two sounds: That'sa rear. Lfr - Cheers! Read the - words aloud or visit the website to practise. A pairof hairclips Claire. They'rea pair, MARY: Haveyou lookedcarefullyeverywhere?

Theyiust aren'tanywhere! Haveyou lookeduPstairs? Theyiust aren't Everywhere! Ohl Thenwhere'sthe otherone? But many native speakers always pronounce lrl , e. It's there. There it is. They're here. They're under a table. I've looked everywhere for them. I've looked everywhere in the house. Take turns to quickly turn your top card face up and put it on top of a ner.

Then you can add all those cards to your pile. Collect as many cards as you can in a time limit, e. B;z I For each line 1, 2, 3,4, 5 , first listen to the whole line, then circle the one word, or part of a word, that is said twice.

Woy Woy. Score I for each correct line. I We're looking for a builder or an architect, Adler and Anderson.

Score Wordstress Underline the stressedsyllable in these words or phrases. I Listen again to the dialoguein that unit, listening for the target sound. You can also use this review task as a quick self-test,by doing steps2 and 4 only. I Are theseconsonantsvoiced or unvoiced?

Write v. B a Closeyour lips. Touchyour side teeth with the sidesofyour tongue. U e Touchthefrontoftheroofofyour mouthwith the front of your tongue. How are Englishconsonantsoundsmade? Pleasecouldyou help me? This is an unvoiced sound. Then push air forward in vour mouth. Listen and repeat: Pen Pen,pleasel Peal Lookat the yellowpear!

PUP Whata livelypup! PoPPy Do youlikePoppy? Listen and repeat the words. Practiselisteningfor theseimportant words.

They are underlinedhere. It's a usefulpiu. Look at the yellow pcar. It's an old cap. What a livelv oun! Do you like Poppy?

Readthe - words aloud or visit the websiteto practise. Word stressdoesn'tusuallycfrange. Bold is usedto showyou which part of the word is stronglystressed,i. Note on sentencestress: Sentencestresschangeswith the speaker's meaning.

Underliningis usedhereto showyou which words in the sentencearebeing stronglystressed,i. It's a pieee of potato plc on a p. Peteris surpdsed. Vhathappens to the quiet sound if the next word begins with a vowel?

Notice that it is sometimes louder or quieter. Then read the dialogue and fill the gaps and a-f with the correct words from the boxes. Numbers I and a have been done as examples. I think l've lostthe t possporfs! How stupidof you,PeterlDidn'tyou put them in yourz-? Poppy,why don'tyou help? Putthe thingsin the plasticbag.

The first one in eachcolumn hasbeen done as an example. Checkyour answers,then listen and repear. In a list, the intonation goes up with each item but down on the last item. He bought a pen. He bought a pelt and a pencil. He bought a pen and a pcacil and a piu. You must remember what the others have said and then add something to the list. Peter went to Paris and he bought a pipe. Peter went to Paris and he bought a pipe and a picture. Peter went to Paris and he bought a pipe, a picture and a plano.

They've just been It'sa usefulbin Pen Ben -: Peal Lookat the yellowpear. Gab lt'san old cab. Poppy Bobby Whata livelypub! Notice that the target sound is quieter in cab and pub. B85ae sentence stress Listen and underline the strongly stressedwords in the minimal pair sentences on page Read the 6 words aloud or visit the website to practise. Is it louder when the next word begins with a vowel?

Hi, Bob. Thanks, Bob. Somebody gaveme thisblousefor my birthday BoB: Whata beautifulblouse! And big blackbuttons. Did er mm Rubydownload it for you? And my brothergaveme a bookaboutbirds.

I didn'trememberyourbirthday, Barbara. I leftmy old job. The one in the pub. Cuess what? A cabbielCongratulations! Don'tworryaboutthe birthdaypresent,Bob But,rememberthat proverb: Wordstress trusa In compound nouns, the stressis on the first word. I a shelf a bookshelf 2 a brush a hairbrush a paintbrush 3 a card a postcard a birthday card 4 a ball a football a ping pong ball 5 abag a handbag a shopping bag 6 am an a policeman a postman sss b Talk about these pictures.

Follow the example. Listen and respond. If they come at the end of a word, stop - don't add another sound. Match these compound words. Could you tell me the time, please? It's exactly nty minutes to ten. Then push air forward inside your r. Notice how the voice begins to go u. This word is spoken with a very strong stress. Is hers the red cart? Can he wlite well? Does this train srHell? Is there a trtnk here? Readthe C. Practise a quiet ltl here before a consonant.

He bought a cup, some nuts and some honey. He bought a cup, some nuts, some honey and a brush. Choose any words from the list below. My uncle went to London and he spent a lot of money. He bought a bus comoanv. He bought a bus company and a toy duck.

Each player remembers what the others have said and then adds something to the list. Practisesaying thesephrasesbefore you start. Make a list of all the words in this unit that are pronounced lttlbttt spelt with the letter o,hke loue.

Follow the Author

Add other words to this list when you seethem. For eachword write l forlal soundI or 2 forlstl sound2. Whata lovelycarpl hat Hetouchedhishat. There'sa barnonit. Listento theminimal pair sentencesagainandunderlinethe sentence stress onpage Minimalpairwords rlr,ea Listenandrepeatthewords.

He coveredhiscart. Read b the names aloud or visit the website to practise. Remember that when we sayboth the first and last names, the last name has the strongest stress. It's Tara. It's Tara Darling. Then read the dialogue and fill the gaps with the correct adjectives from the box. Peopleore loughingin the gorden. Comeintothe garden. TaraDarlingandMarkus Marsharedancingon thegrass. Lookat Markus. Whatans coupletheyarelLet'stakea photographof them Thenpractisereadingthe dialoguealoud.

Recordyourvoiceto compareyour productionof the targetsoundwith therecording. Intonationin exclamations Weoften showthe feelingof surprisein an exclamationwherethe intonation goesa longwayup and then down. What afunny dancer! Whata marvellousphetograph! What a fantasticguital! Pickup pairs t Photocopyandcut out cardsfrom all minimal pairsin units Shufflethe cardsand dealthem facedown all overthe table.

ST Turn over any two cards and read their sentences aloud. If they are minimal pairs, you keep them and you continue playtng. If these two cards aren't minimal pairs, turn them face down again and the next person plays. Collect asmany pairs asyou can in a time limit, e.

You can use a dictionary if you wish, but you dont need to understand everyword to do this test. Then circlethe one word that is said twice.

Note that meaning is not important in this exercise. The purpose is to review the sounds by hearing them in contrast. Number I has been done. I 'I'm goingto makesomejelly.

Scorehalf a mark per item. I Listen again to the dialogue in that unit, listening for the target sound. You can also use this review task as a quick self-test,by doing steps2 and 4 only. SoundI lal hat It'shatweather. Putit ina sock. Sound2 lol hot It'shot weather. I canseetheirbox. Pair I: A54ae sentencestress Themostimportantwordsfor themeaningof a sentencearespoken with a strongstress.

Listento the minimal pair sentencesagainand matchthemwith the sentencestresspatternsbelow. Thebig circlesare the strongsyllablesandthesmallcirclesaretheweaksyllables. Read v thewordsaloudor visitthewebsiteto practise. Thenread the dialogueandfill the gaps l-6 with thecorrectadjectivesfrom the box. UNIT8 lol clock If; -. downloada bottleof 'OnwashiMrsBloggs!

Youwon'tbe sorrywhenyou'vegot'Onwash'. Record your voice to compare your production of the target sound with the recording. Sometimes this shows whether the speaker is more polite and friendly or less friendly. Intonation goesup in a Intonation goesdorninin a suggestion,and this sounds command, and this sounds less polite and friendly: Have a holiday, Mrs Bloggs.

Have afu4iday, Mrs Bloggs. Stop wdshing, MrWong. Stop washing, MrWong. Don't dfop that pol! Dont drep that pe! Put it on the box, Miss Iohnson. Put it on the box, Miss ohnson. Decideif they are suggestions which arepolite and friendly asthe intonation is goingufl or commands which arelessfriendly asthe intonation is goingtfotryn. Draw an ilrowup or dorrmin the spacebeforethe stronglystressed word. Number I hasbeendone. I Put thesesocksin the top- dfalger,Iohn. AFBc Listenagainand then practisethe sentences.

Recordyourvoice to compareyour production of the intonation with the recording. In the morning? His daughter-in-law, Dawn. She'svery sporty. Port It'sa smallport. A6rae sentence stress Listen to the minimal pair sentencesagain and underline the sentence stress on page The weakly stressedwords are quieter and quidcu.

Readthe wordsaloud or visit the websiteto practise. Thismorningthe Roarersfootballteamarrivedbackfromyorr. LauraShortis our sportsreporter,andshewasat the airport.

Thisis Laurashort. Allthefootballersare walkingtowardsme. Here'sCeorgeBall,the goalkeeper. Cood morning,Ceorge. Areyou a reporter? Well,it wasawful. We lost Andthe scorewasforty-four,four. But it wasn'tmv fault. Theywerealwaysfallingoveror losingthe ball! We can show a feeling of surprise with an intonation that goesa long way up. Mr Shortalwaysplaysfootballinthe morning. Mr Short?

B is surprised that he plays in the morning. C is surprised that Mr Short plays. E is surprised that he always pIays.

At the airport? I I've put the ball in the drawer. Listen and rePeat. A rock rook Thewindblewaroundthe rock. Listen to the minimal pair sentencesagain and write the word which has the strongeststressin each pair in the table. Then read the special meanings. Pair 2 Evervbodv else has a different answer. Pair 3 Nobody elsewould do that, Pair 4 But not under it or above it. Pair5 Don't trust anvbodv else. Readthe wordsaloudor visitthewebsiteto practise.

Couldyoutellme whereyou'veputmy book,Bronwen? No,Thebookshelfisfullof yourcookerybooks. Thenyoushouldlookinthe bedroom,shouldn'tyou? Youtookthatbookandputit somewhere,didn'tyou?

Cambridge-Ship or Sheep by Ann Baker

Practisereading the dialogue aloud. Theintonation in most questiontagsis goingdown. This meansthat the speakerexpectsagreement. Sodoumtagsareuseda lot in conversationsto createagreementand rapport betweenthe speakers. He couldnt cook,cotrldhe? Shecould play foatball,eogldn'tshe? Youwouldn't look. Thevwould like suear. Shecouldn'tewk, eErld she?

I Wecouldnt cooka cakewithout sugar. I '"'nimalpairs lutl boot - ,: I had servingsof gooseberryfool. I a stupidperson;2 mousse,souffl6,strudel andfool aredesserts 'd.. Luke,a newmoon! I evidence that something is true; 2foolproof - made so that it can't be damaged, even by a fool Pull Thesignsaid'Pull'.

Pool Thesignsaid'Pool'. Then listen and underline the strong stressesin: Readthe words aloud or visit the website to practise.

Then read the dialogue and guesswhich words are strongly stressed. The number in brackets tells you how many strong stressesthere are in that line. The first line has been done. Check your answers. LUCY; 2 There'ssomechewinggum on yourshoe. Wasit you,Lucy? My mouth'sfullof chewinggum. Loo MissLuke! Stoppullingmy hair,Susan. Notice how the strongly stressedwords are LOUDer, and the weakly stressedwords are said very quiddy.

Couldyoutellme whereI cangetsome 1 shoelaces? There'sa shopnextto the 2 supermarketthatsellsvsrygood l shoelaces. Trv to saythe unstressedsyllablesquickly. I wouldn'tlikewormsoup. He'sa fastworker. For each word write I for lcll sound L' or 2 for lstl sound 2.

Bllae sentencestress Listento theminimal pair sentencesagainandunderlinethe sentence stress onpage Ben burn Lookatit,Ben. Lookatit burn. Minimalpairwords Errda Listenandrepeatthewords. Hl;l b Youwill hearfivewordsfrom eachminimal pair. UN T12lstl g,irl 45 'Q et - 'nalpairsC: That'sa tinylittlebird. My headhurts! He neverarrivesat workearly.

Heand er NurseTurnerweren'tat workon Thursdav, werethev? NurseShermanistheworstnursein theward. Sir Herbert? No,he isn't,ColonelBurton. He'stheworstnursein the world! Thismeansthe speakerexpectsagreement. Down tagsareuseda lot to create agreementandrapportbetweenthe speakers. Wewereatwork early,werent we? Thismeansthe speakeris not sureif the information is correctand is askingthe listenerto checkit.

Beforean up tagthereis oftena slightpause.. Thenurseswereatwork on Thursday,werent they? Listenand mark intonation arrowson the tagsSlexpects agreement or I notsure. NumberI hasbeendone. I Theywerent walking to work, rqdrethey? Record your voiceto compareyour production of the intonation with the recording. But dont forget to telephone as soon asyou arrive. Bzocc Listen and repeat both sounds together: Mhat'sin picture two?

Tellingthe time Listen and repeat. Look at the clock. Mhat'sthe time? It's six o'clock. It's a quarter to seven. Now practise these. It's e quarte te twelve. It's six a'clock. It's e quarte ta seven. Recordyour voice to listen to your production of the target sound. Barberespent Satedayaftenoon Iooking et e beautifal book ebout South emerice.

The next morning, when Barberewoke up it wes six e'clock, end he brothes end sisteswe still esleep. Barberelooked et them, end then closed her eyesegain.

Then she quietly got out af bed end started te pack he suitcase. Shetook same comfeteble clothes out ef tha cupbed. Shepacked e pair ef binocules end he siste'scamera. Shepacked e photegraph ef haselfend one ef he mothar and fathe.

Bet then she looked et the clock. It wes e quarte to seven. Shewes still in he bed, and he brothes end sisteswe laughing et he.

Bat Barberedidn't answe. Shewes thinking ebout he wondeful iourney te South americe. This is the weakform of uas. This is a different sound. This is the strongform of uras Thenlisten and repeat. Wesshethinking about SouthAmerica? Waher brothersand sistersasleep? Dethey like reading? Heveyou readabout SouthAmerica? Yes,I have. Dasyour friend like reading? Yes,he does. Yes,we are. Hasyour friend beento SouthAmerica? Yes,he has. Canyou swim? Yes,I can.

The first line hasbeendone for you. Canyou downloadsomethingfor me at the newsagent's? Butthe newsagent'sis a milefromthe library. Notthe onethat'snextto the fishandchipshop. Well,whatdo youwant? Somechocolatesanda tin of sweetsandan addressboor. Shuffle the cards and deal them face down all over the table. Turn over any two cards and read their sentencesaloud. If they are the same vowel sound you keep them and you continue playing. If those two cards aren't the samevowel sound, turn them face down again and the next person plays.

Collect as many same sound pairs asyou can in a time limit, e. You can use a dictionary if you wish, but you don't have to understand every word to do this test.

Thencircletheone word - or part of a word - that is said twice. Incomplete words have the rest of the word written in brackets, e. You can also use this review task asa quick self-test,by doing steps2 and 4 only. Is your name spelt C-K? My occupation. I'm not a wine taster. I'm a food tester. Thesecondpart of the soundis shorter. Parn Whatanawfulpain! Itest taste Testthisfood. Youwill hearfivewordsfrom eachminimal pair.

Notice which words are nouns, adjectivesor main verbs. Theseare often important, and the most important words for the meaning of a sentenceare stressed. Then listen to the sentencesagain and underline the sentencestress on page A mistake? BakerStreettrain- B. Oh no. TheBakerStreettrainleavesat B. Theychangedthe timetableat the end of April. MayI seethe newtimetable?

Whatdoesit say? BakerStreettrain- 8. Oh no,you'reright. I'm afraid you've made a mistake, sir. They changed the timetable. Changed it? Note that number 7 needs a different word in the answer. Draw intonation arrows following the example in l. Check your answersby Iistening to the recording and then practise the intonation. Recordyour voice to compare your production of the intonation with the recording. It'stheeighth of May. It'sMrs Grey'sbirthday today.

And she'sgoingawayfor a holiday B: And she'sgoingbyplane. Shewantsto go toSpain. Are you all riglrt? I'm fine. I'm just flring mv kite. Havea nice time! The secondpart ofthe sound is shorter. I Minimal: Thatwasa gooddownload. Whata noisybike. Pa pie He loveshisPa. He loveshispie eye It'sgottwo R's. Checkthe height. B3zae SentenCestreSS Listen to the minimal pair sentencesagain and underline the sentence stress on page I a cart I b kite I 2 a darning!

Then read the dialogue and fill the gaps l-f 0 with the correcr words from the box. No thanks,Nigel l'm busytyping. Doyoulikemotor riding,Caroline? Smilesto herself ond keepsAping Whatabout8?

I think is quiteexciting. Do you likeit? Wouldyou liketo come with me on Friday? Wouldsomeothertimebe allright? The second part of the sound is shorter. Minimalpairwords Ir. Then listen and repeat. For each word, write for ltl sound L or 2 for lctl sound 2. Sound2 Ittl oil It'soilthere. The less important words for the meaning are r4i.

Underline the most important words in the sentences on page I a corn f b coin I z a bawling I b boiling! Readthe - words aloud or visit the website to practise. It'soutof oil. A RollsRoyce! Andlookl pointing Or evendestroyedit. How disappointing! Theyall containthesamesound. Thenlistenandcheckyour answers. Whenyou meeta newword,you canchecktheword stressin a good dictionary. Most dictionariesuse the symbolrin front of themain stressedsyllable,andthe symbol,to showanysecondarystress usuallyin longerwords , e.

Choosefour of thelongestwordsin thelist in 4aanduseyour dictionary to checkifthere is anysecondarystress. Nlaui house ' ; r'our cow?

I saidhow'syour cow? For each word write I for latl sound l or 2 for laul sound 2. There'sbeautiful bra Herbrawaswrinkled. Herbrowwaswrinkled grass glouse grasshere.

There'sbeautiful B4sae Sentencestress First read the minimal pair sentencesand notice which words are adjectivesor adverbs. These are often important for the meaning of a sentence aswell as nouns and main verbs. Then listen to the sentences again and underline the sentencestress on page Dialogue I b how tr I b ow!

I O a Firstpractisethe sound laulinwords from the dialogue. Readthe words aloudor visitthewebsiteto practise. Readthe dialogueand listento therecordingatthe sametime. You'reshoutingtoo loudly. A town mouse? A littleroundmouse. On theground? Well,getit out. Turnthe couchupsidedown. Cetit outsomehowWedon'twanta mousein ourhouse. Oursisthe cleanesthouseinthetownl c Practisereading the corrected dialogue.

Stressin phrasalverbs ir;: I He'ssitting dolrm. I Put it dornm. Maybe I'll go with Bert.

The second oart of the sound is shorter. Bert boat That'smyBert. I wokeearly. Helikesfloating Minimalpairwords Bssaa Listenandrepeatthewords.

Notice how all the other words in the sentence are said more quiddyand quietly. Underline the sentence stressin the sentences on page For each word vwite I for lcll sound l or 2 for laul sound 2. Sound2 leul coat Cino'scoat. Readthe wordsaloudor visit thewebsiteto practise. Snowin October JoeJonesis sleeping,but Joonno woke up a few minutes ogo. Whatis it,Joanna?

Lookout of the window. My eyesareclosed,andl'm goingto goto sleepagain. Don'tgoto sleep,Joe.

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